Iconography and Hand painted icons

Christ on Golgotha! Seven sorts of criminal surround Him. Saint Nikolai Velimirovitch

“Lord, remember me when Thou comest into Thy kingdom” (23:42).

Christ on Golgotha!.
Saint Nikolai Velimirovitch

The Gospel on God Among the Criminals…

εμπαιγμός του Χριστού_Издевательства над Иисусом_Capture----Christ on Golgotha! The Saviour on the Cross!. The Righteous One in tor­ment! The Lover of Mankind killed by men! Let him who has a conscience be ashamed! Let him who has a heart weep! Let him who has a mind understand!

With what can we compare this event – mysterious a infinity, hard as earth and terrible as hell? Of millions of happenings every day throughout the universe, that our eyes can see and our ears hear, with what event can we compare this unmentionable act of wickedness on Golgotha? With a lamb among ravening wolves? Or an innocent child in the jaws of a snake-like king? Or a mother surrounded by insane sons and daughters? Or with a skil­ful man’s fall into a machine that he had himself assembled, to be cut to pieces by the machine’s wheels? With Abel, whom his brother killed? But then the greater sinner killed the lesser, while here wicked men fall on the sinless. With Joseph, whose brothers sold him in Egypt? But that was a sin against their brother, not against a benefactor, while here the sin is against the Benefactor. With righteous Job, whose flesh Satan turned to corruption and a stench, a meal for worms? But then Satan rose up against God’s crea­ture, while here the creature rises up against the Creator. With wondrous David, against whom his son Absalom raised a rebellion? But that was a small punishment for David’s great sin, while here the innocent One, the Most Righteous, suffers so terribly!

The merciful Samaritan, who had saved humanity from injury by thieves, has Himself fallen into the hands of thieves. Seven sorts of criminal surround Him. The first is represented by Satan, the second by the elders and leaders of the Jewish people, the third by Judas, the fourth by Pilate, the fifth by Barabbas, the sixth by the unrepentant thief on the cross and the seventh by the penitent thief. Let us pause a moment, and look at this company of criminals in the midst of whom the Son of God hangs crucified, bloody and wounded.

In the first place comes Satan, the one who wishes the greatest harm to the human race. He is the father of lies, and the criminal of criminals. The temptations by which he tempts the human race, to bring it to ruin, are twofold: he tempts by ease and by suffering. At the beginning, he tempted the Lord on the Mount of Temptation with ease, power and riches; now, at the end, he tempts Him through suffering. When he had been overcome and shamed at the first temptation, he left the Lord and fled from Him. He did not, though, abandon Him completely, but only for a time. As the Gospel records: he departed from Him for a season (Luke 4: 13). Now this season has passed, and he shows himself again. This time he does not need to appear openly and visibly; this time he works through men, through the sons of darkness, who have been blinded by Christ’s great light, and in their blind­ness have put themselves into Satan’s hand and serve him as a weapon against Christ the Lord. But he is there, close to every tongue that blas­phemes against Christ, to every mouth that spits upon Christ’s most pure face, to every hand that flogs Him and pierces Him with the crown of thorns, to every heart that burns with the fire of jealousy and hatred for Him.

Μαστίγωση Χριστού__whipping__Bichevanie_Hrista_Μονή του Αγίου Νικολάου The second criminal, or group of criminals, is the leaders and elders of the Jewish people: political, religious and intellectual. These are the Scribes, Pharisees, Sadducees and priests, with King Herod at their head. Jealousy and fear have turned them to crime against the Lord – jealousy of One might­ier, wiser and better than themselves; and fear for their position, authority, honour and wealth if the people support Christ. “Perceive ye how ye prevail nothing? Behold, the world is gone after Him” (John 12: 19), was the cry from their weakness, envy and fear. What is the worst of their banditry against the Lord? It is their having, with no legal trial or condemnation, arrested and killed Him. It is written in the Gospel: Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas, and consulted that they might take Jesus by subtilty, and kill Him (Matthew 26:3-4). They do not, then, take counsel together how to accuse Him and bring Him to court, but to take Jesus … and kill Him and this by subtilty! When law-abiding Nicodemus suggests that the Lord first be given a hearing by the court, to know what He doeth, they reject this suggestion with displeasure and mocking smiles (John 7:50-52).

The third criminal is Judas, the seeming, shameful apostle. Satan took part in the shedding of Christ’s blood out of hatred for God and man; the elders and leader of the people took part out of envy and fear; Judas joins the company of Satan and the elders of the people out of covetousness. His crime consists in betraying his Teacher and Benefactor for thirty pieces of silver. He himself later acknowledges his crime to these same elders, who had hired him for the act of betrayal: “I have sinned in that I have betrayed the innocent blood” … and he cast down the pieces of silver in the Temple, and departed, and went and hanged himself (Matthew 27:4-5). And his horri­ble death itself testifies against him, for it is written of him: and falling head­long, he burst asunder in the midst, and all his bowels gushed out (Acts 1:18).

The fourth criminal is Pilate, Caesar’ representative in Jerusalem, and in some mysterious way the representative of the pagan, godless world in the condemnation of the Son of God. He scorns the Jews, as the Jew do him. At first, he has no intention of becoming involved in Christ’s condemnation:

“Take ye Him, and judge Him according to your law” (John 18:31) are his words to Christ’s accuser . Later, he is on Christ’s side and, after a form of trial, tells the Jews: I find in Him no fault at all (v.38). Finally, cowed by threats: “If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar’s friend” (19: 12), Pilate gives sentence that it should be as they required (Luke 23:24), and order that Christ be flogged and crucified. Pilate’s crime consist in his being able to protect the Righteous One, and in not doing so. He himself says to the Lord: “Knowest Thou not that I have power to crucify Thee, and have power to release Thee?” (John 19: 10) With this statement, Pilate take upon him­self for all time the responsibility for Christ’s death. What drives Pilate to commit this crime, and what places him in the company of the other crimi­nals? Weak-mindedness and fear; weak-mindedness in defense of justice and fear for his position and Caesar’s mercy.

Ο Χριστός Ελκόμενος επί σταυρού_Nesenie_Kresta_0_54dd5_882b218f_-1-origThe fifth criminal is Barabbas. He is in prison at this time for sedition … and for murder (Luke 23: 19). For such crime, he is, under both Jewish and Roman law, deserving of death. He has not personally or consciously sinned against Christ in any way. It is those who put him above Christ who sin. Pilate has thought to use Barabbas as a means of saving Christ from death; the Jews, however, use the innocent Christ to save Barabbas, Pilate having placed before the Jews the free choice: Christ, or Barabbas – and like calls to like. God or a criminal? And the criminal choose the criminal.

The sixth and seventh criminals are those who hang, each on his cross, on Golgotha, one at Christ’s right hand and one at His left, as Isaiah the prophet foresaw and foretold: “He was numbered with the transgressors” (53: 12). One of these criminal, even in his death-throes, is blaspheming, but the other is praying. Here are two men in the same predicament: both of them nailed to a cross, both at the point of leaving this world and looking for nothing more from it. But what a great difference! Here is the answer to all who say: place people in the same material circumstances, give them all the same honour and possessions, and they will all have the same spirit. One criminal, near his last breath, mocks the Son of God: “If Thou be Christ, save Thyself and us!” (Luke 23:39), but the other begs the Lord: “Lord, remember me when Thou comest into Thy kingdom” (23:42). The pain of crucifixion kill the one in both body and soul, but although it kills the other’s body, it save his soul. Christ’s Cross is a scandal to the one, but sal­vation to the other.

These were the types of criminal around Christ. But, O gracious Lord, help us to look at Our own lives before we condemn these criminals who nailed the Lord of love to the Cross, and ask ourselves if we do not also belong to their company. Oh, that we could be even like the seventh of them, who repented on the cross and, in the midst of his physical pain, sought and found salvation for his sinful soul.

If a man breathes out hatred for God and man, the same is Satan’s clos­est friend and his sharpest weapon.

If a man is filled with envy towards God-pleasing men and servants of Christ, this man is a criminal and a God-killer like Annas and Caiaphas, and the rest of the leader and elders of the Jews.

If a man is covetous, he is not far from betraying God, and his closest friend in the criminal company of this world is Judas.

If a man is weak-minded in defense of the righteous, and O fearful for his position and comfort that he would even agree to the killing of the right­eous, he is a criminal a Pilate was.

If a man raises a rebellion and shed men’s blood, and another suffers in his place, either through miscarriage of justice or human wickedness, he is a criminal as Barabbas was.

Σταύρωσις_The Crucifixion_Greek-Byzantine-Orthodox-Icon_Распятие_ИИСУСА_ХРИСТА_‚22If a man blasphemes against God his whole life long, either in word or deed, and this blasphemy is on his lips even at the moment of death – he is indeed a spiritual brother of the blaspheming criminal on the cross.

Blessed, though, is he who, suffering for his sins, neither blasphemes against any man nor condemns any, but call his sin to mind and cries to God of forgiveness and salvation. Blessed is this seventh criminal, who unders­tood that his pain on the cross were deserved because of his sins, and understood the pain of the innocent Saviour as being undeserved suffering for the sin of others and who repented, begged for God’s mercy and found himself first in the Paradise of eternal life together with the Saviour! These revelations come to us through him: saving repentance, even at the moment death, the saving nature of prayer to God and the swiftness of God’s compassion. He has left us all a wonderful example, whatever sort of sin we have committed, in whatever way we have separated ourselves from God and numbered ourselves among the criminals. Every sin is a crime against God, and he who commits a single sin is numbered among the criminals: that is, the servants of Satan. Let no-one, therefore, grumble that his suffering is to peril rather than to his salvation, but may the darkness of his suffering be mined by reflecting on his sin, and by repentance and prayer. Only thus will suffering be, for him, not to his peril but to his salvation.

Source: Mother Maria (1996), Homilies – A Commentary on the Gospel Readings, Nikolai Velimirovic, Bishop of Ochrid – Lazarica Press, Birmingham, England.


About the fulfillment of the great prophecy, Saint Nikolai Velimirovič

Herod and Pilate became friends that very day… Saint Nikolai Velimirovič

About Pilate’s wavering, Saint Nikolai Velimirovič

On this day, Holy and Great Friday, we celebrate the awesome, holy, and saving Passion of our Lord and God and Savior Jesus Christ—the spitting, the blows with the palm of the hand, the buffeting, the mockery, the reviling, the wearing of the purple robe, the reed, the sponge, the vinegar, the nailing, the lance, and above all, the Crucifixion and Death which He condescended to endure willingly for our sakes and also the saving confession of the grateful thief upon the cross.

Antiphon One; (Tone VIII):
The rulers of the people took counsel together ** against the Lord and against His Christ?
They laid a lawless accusation against Me. ** O Lord, O Lord, forsake Me not.
Let us bring to Christ pure senses and affections, * and as His friends let us sacrifice our lives for His sake. * Let us not, choke upon the cares of this life, * as did Judas, * but from within let us cry: * Our Father who art in the heavens, ** deliver us from the evil one.

Antiphon Three; (Tone II):

Watch and pray, * that ye enter not into temptation’, * thus didst Thou say unto Thy disciples O our God. ** But Judas the transgressor had no desire to comprehend this.

Antiphon Eight; (Tone II):

Let Him be crucified!’ cried the murderers of the righteous One, * they who had always taken pleasure in Thy gifts; * asking for the release of an evildoer in place of their Benefactor. * But Thou, O Christ, didst remain silent, enduring their wicked impudence, * wishing to suffer and thereby save us * in that Thou art the Lover of mankind.

Antiphon Fifteen; (Tone VI):

Today He who suspended the earth upon the waters is hung upon the Cross. * He who is the King of the angels is arrayed in a crown of thorns. * He who wrapeth the heaven in clouds is wrapped in the purple of mockery. * He who in Jordan set Adam free receiveth blows upon His face. * The Bridegroom of the Church is transfixed with nails. * The Son of the Virgin is Pierced with a spear. * We venerate, Thy Passion, O Christ. * We venerate, Thy Passion, O Christ. * We venerate, Thy Passion, O Christ. ** Show us also Thy glorious Resurrection.

Let us not keep festival as did the Jews: * for Christ our God and Pascha hath been sacrificed for us. * But let us cleanse ourselves from every defilement, * and with sincerity let us entreat Him: * Arise, O Lord, ** and save us O Lover of mankind.

Wherefore, O Christ our God, through Thy boundless compassion for our sakes, have mercy on us and save us. Amen.

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